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All members of the Lambton College community have a right to work and study in an environment that is free from any form of sexual violence. Lambton College will not ignore, condone or tolerate sexual violence in any form. This policy and response protocol reflect the determination of the College to ensure that those individuals who have been affected by sexual violence are believed and appropriately accommodated and ensures that the College has a process for investigation which respects and protects the rights of all individuals and holds accountable those individuals who have committed an act of sexual violence.
The College takes reasonable steps to protect persons from reprisals, retaliation or threats. This may entail, for example, advising individuals in writing of their duty to refraim from committing a reprisal and sanctioning individuals for a breach of this duty. The College may also address the potential for reprisals by providing an accommodation appropriate in the circumstances.
The voluntary and explicit agreement to engage in the sexual activity in question. It is the act of willingly agreeing to engage in specific sexual activity, and requires that a person be able to freely choose between two options: yes or no. For consent, there must be an understandable exchange of affirmative words that indicates a willingness to participate in mutually agreed upon sexual activity. Further:
It is the responsibility of the initiator of sexual activity to ensure clear and affirmative responses are communicated at all stages of sexual activity.
It is also the responsibility of each party to know if the person they are engaging with sexually is a minor.
The Criminal Code defines “consent” as follows:
Consent: The voluntary agreement to engage in the sexual activity in question. No consent is obtained, where
2000-5-1 Students Rights, Responsibilities and Discipline Policy
2000-5-2 Assessing, Addressing and Serving the High Risk Student Policy
3000-2-3 Employee Discipline
4000-3-4 Personal Safety and Security Threats Policy
4000-5-3 Respectful College Community Policy
2000-7-1 Confidentiality and Privacy of Information and Records
If you have experienced or been affected by sexual violence and require support and accommodation, please go to the Wellness Centre in Room E109 at Lambton College during regular business hours and speak with the college nurse. After regular business hours, please visit:
Bluewater Health Sexual/Domestic Assault Treatment Centre
It is often difficult to disclose and report incidents of sexual violence. It is entirely up to you if you choose to report the incident; however, we strongly encourage you to do so. A number of other resources are available to you, including:
Information about these resources is available below, or you can use the link to go directly to the resources at www.mylambton.ca/Counselling/Home/.
Anyone who has experienced sexual violence has the right to:
The College nurse in the Wellness Centre (Room E109) can assist you with filing a complaint. If the respondent is a member of the College community, you may file a complaint under this Policy.
Individuals who have experienced sexual violence may also wish to press charges under the Criminal Code. Campus Security and the Wellness Centre can also assist you with contacting the local Police.
Please note that you are not required to file a formal complaint to obtain supports, services, or appropriate accommodation from the College.
More information on filing a complaint can be found at: www.mylambton.ca/Counselling/Home/
If you witness sexual violence, call Campus Security at ext. 3208, and they will assist you by providing the resources and necessary support. If you want to speak to someone directly, please go directly to Campus Security office at Reception or phone ext. 3208.
A number of other resources are available to you, including
Information about these resources is available below; or you can use the link to go directly to the resources at www.mylambton.ca/Counselling/Home/.
If an employee of the College witnesses or has knowledge of sexual violence against another member of the College community, the employee is required to report the alleged incident to Campus Security (ext. 3208) immediately.
Students are strong encouraged to report incidents of sexual violence, but do not need to report incidents of sexual violence to obtain supports, services, or accommodation from the College.
All members of the College community who have witnessed sexual violence have a duty to cooperate with a College investigation.
A person may choose to confide in another person about an act of sexual violence, such as a student, instructor, teaching assistant, coach, or staff from housing, health, counselling or security. An individual who has experienced sexual violence may also disclose to staff or faculty members when seeking support and/or academic accommodation. A supportive response involves:
If disclosure is made to a faculty or staff member by a student seeking support or academic accommodation, the faculty or staff member should take the student to the Wellness Centre at Lambton College, and connect him/her with the College nurse and/or counsellors.
If an employee of the College becomes aware of an allegation of sexual violence against another member of the College community, the faculty or staff should report the alleged incident to Campus Security ext. 3208 immediately.
Sensitive and timely communication with individuals who have experienced sexual violence and their family members (when an individual consents to this communication) is a central part of the College’s first response to sexual violence. To facilitate communication, the College will:
While everyone on campus has a role to play in responding to incidents of sexual violence, some campus members will have specific responsibilities which might include:
Information about these resources is available below; or you can use the link to go directly to the resources at www.mylambton.ca/Counselling/Home/.
When a complaint of sexual violence has been reported to the College, the College will exercise care to protect and respect the rights of both the complainant and the respondent. The College understands that individuals who have experienced sexual violence may wish to control whether and how their experience will be dealt with by the police and/or the College. In most circumstances, the person will retain this control. A person who has experienced sexual violence may choose not to request an investigation and has the right not to participate in any investigation that may occur.
In certain circumstances, however, the College may be required to initiate an internal investigation and/or inform the police of the need for a criminal investigation, even without the person’s consent, if the College believes that the safety of other members of the College community is at risk. The confidentiality and anonymity of the person(s) affected will be a high priority in these circumstances.
A report of sexual violence may also be referred to the police, or to other community resources at the complainant’s request, where the persons involved are not members of the College community or in circumstances where the College is unable to initiate an internal investigation under this Policy.
The College adheres to the following in investigating and making decisions about formal complaints. If an entitlement set out below conflicts with something set out in another College policy, the entitlement set out below shall prevail.
In all three of the cases outlined in sections 7.1, 7.2 and 7.3, the Wellness Office is responsible for intake. While overall responsibility for investigation and adjudication is outlined below, the College may also decide to use an external investigator where appropriate in the circumstances.
Sexual violence is a violation of 2000-5-1 Student Rights and Responsibilities and Discipline Policy. It is considered a serious offence and will be addressed in a manner that is consistent with other serious offences, up to and including expulsion. See 2000-5-1 Student Rights and Responsibilities and Discipline Policy for more details on each disciplinary process, including possible penalties. Under this policy, the Registrar is responsible for investigation and adjucation. Appeals of student violations may be pursued on limited grounds and are heard by the Director, Student Success.
Sexual violence is a violation of 4000-5-3 Respectful College Community Policy. Allegations against employees will be addressed consistent with this Policy, any other relevant College policy and the collective agreement, where applicable. If the complaint is sustained following an investigation, the College will determine the appropriate disciplinary actions consistent with relevant policies and the collective agreement, where applicable, up to and including discharge. Under this policy, when a potential violation by one more employees is alleged, Human Resources will conduct an investigation and make decisions. There is no formal appeal process for employee violations, though college employees who are members of a union may file a grievance as permitted by the applicable collective agreement.
Contractors, suppliers, volunteers or visitors who attend on campus will be subject to complaints if they engage in prohibited conduct. Where a complaint against the respondent is substantiated, the College will take appropriate action, including penalties, cancellation of contracts and other sanctions. There is no formal appeal process for supplier, volunteer or visitor violations.
All contractual relationships entered into by the College will be governed by a standard contract compliance clause stating that contractors must comply with this Policy and the Ontario Human Rights Code, including co-operating in investigations. Breach of the clause may result in penalties, cancellation, or other sanctions.
Under this policy, Human Resources, in conjunction with Security and/or Facilities where appropriate, is responsible for investigation and adjudication.
Where criminal and/or civil proceedings are commenced in response to allegations of sexual violence, the College shall conduct its own independent investigation into such allegations, and will make its own determination in accordance with its policies and procedures. Where there is an ongoing criminal investigation, the College will cooperate with the local police.
2000-7-1 Confidentiality and Privacy of Information and Records
Use of the term “Rape” in the context of Sexual Violence
This policy refers to the offence of sexual assault to align with the current offence contained in the Criminal Code. The word “rape” is no longer used in criminal statutes in Canada. The term was replaced many years ago to acknowledge that sexual violence is not about sex but is about acts of psychological and physical violence. The term “sexual assault” provides a much broader definition and criminalizes unwanted behaviour such as touching and kissing as well as unwanted oral sex and vaginal and anal intercourse. Although the term no longer has a legal meaning in Canada, the term rape is still commonly used.
1.3 It wasn’t rape, so it wasn’t sexual violence.
1.4 Sexual assault and sexual violence encompasses a broad range of unwanted sexual activity. Any unwanted sexual contact is considered to be sexual violence. A survivor can be severely affected by all forms of sexual violence, including unwanted fondling, rubbing, kissing, or other sexual acts. Many forms of sexual violence involve no physical contact, such as stalking or distributing intimate visual recordings. All of these acts are serious and can be damaging.
1.5 Sexual assault can’t happen to me or anyone I know.
1.6 Sexual assault can and does happen to anyone. People of all socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds may be sexually assaulted, but the vast majority of sexual assaults happen to women and girls. Young women, Aboriginal women and women with disabilities are at greater risk of experiencing sexual assault.
1.7 Sexual assault is most often committed by strangers.
1.8 Someone known to the person, including acquaintances, dating partners, and common-law or married partners, commit approximately 75 per cent of sexual assaults.
1.9 Sexual assault is most likely to happen outside in dark, dangerous places.
1.10 The majority of sexual assaults happen in private spaces like a residence or private home.
1.11 If an individual doesn’t report to the police, it wasn’t sexual assault.
1.12 Just because an individual doesn’t report the assault doesn’t mean it didn’t happen. Fewer than one in ten individuals report the crime to the police.
1.13 It’s not a big deal to have sex with someone while he/she is drunk, stoned or passed out.
1.14 If a person is unconscious or incapable of consenting due to the use of alcohol or drugs, they cannot legally give consent. Without consent, it is sexual assault.
1.15 If the person chose to drink or use drugs, then it isn’t considered sexual assault.
1.16 This is a prominent misconception about sexual assault. No one can consent while drunk or incapacitated.
1.17 If the individual didn’t scream or fight back, it probably wasn’t sexual assault.
1.18 If the individual does not fight back, the sexual assault is their fault.
1.20 When an individual is sexually assaulted they may become paralyzed with fear and be unable to fight back. The person may be fearful that if they struggle, the perpetrator will become more violent.
1.21 If you didn’t say no, it must be your fault.
1.22 People who commit sexual assault/abuse are trying to gain power and control over the assaulted individual. They want to make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, for the individual to say no. A person does not need to actually say the word “no” to make it clear that they did not want to participate. The focus in consent is on hearing a “yes”.
1.23 If an individual isn’t crying or visibly upset, it probably wasn’t a serious sexual assault.
1.24 Every individual responds to the trauma of sexual assault differently. They may cry or they may be calm. They may be silent or very angry. Their behaviour is not an indicator of their experience. It is important not to judge a person by how he or she responds to the assault.
1.25 If someone does not have obvious physical injuries, like cuts or bruises, they probably were not sexually assaulted.
1.26 Lack of physical injury does not mean that a person wasn’t sexually assaulted. An offender may use threats, weapons, or other coercive actions that do not leave physical marks. The person may have been unconscious or been otherwise incapacitated.
1.27 If it really happened, the person would be able to easily recount all the facts in the proper order.
1.28 Shock, fear, embarrassment and distress can all impair memory. Many people attempt to minimize or forget the details of the assault as a way of coping with trauma. Memory loss is common when alcohol and/or drugs are involved.
1.29 Individuals lie and make up stories about being sexually assaulted; and most reports of sexual assault turn out to be false.
1.30 According to Statistics Canada, fewer than one in 10 sexually assaulted persons report the crime to the police. Approximately 2% of sexual assault reports are false.
1.31 The number of false reports for sexual assault is very low. Sexual assault carries such a stigma that many people prefer not to report.
1.32 Persons with disabilities don’t get sexually assaulted.
1.33 Individuals with disabilities are at a high risk of experiencing sexual violence or assault. Those who live with activity limitations are over two times more likely to be sexually assaulted than those who are able-bodied.
1.34 A spouse or significant other cannot sexually assault their partner.
1.35 Sexual assault can occur in a married or other intimate partner relationship. The truth is, sexual assault occurs ANY TIME there is not consent for sexual activity of any kind. Being in a relationship does not exclude the possibility of, or justify, sexual assault. A person has the right to say “no” at ANY point.
1.36 People who are sexually assaulted “ask for it” by their provocative behaviour or dress.
1.37 This statement couldn’t be more hurtful or wrong. Nobody deserves to be sexually assaulted. Someone has deliberately chosen to be violent toward someone else; to not get consent. Nobody asks to be assaulted. Ever. No mode of dress, no amount of alcohol or drugs ingested, no matter what the relationship is between the assaulted person and the perpetrator or what the person’s occupation is, sexual assault is always wrong.
1.38 Sexual assault only happens to women
1.39 Not true. The majority of sexual assaults are committed against women by men, but people of all genders, from all backgrounds have been/can be assaulted.
1.40 Sexual abuse of males is rare.
1.41 According to Statistics Canada, six percent of males 15 or over reported that they had experienced sexual victimization. Sexual assault/abuse occurs in every economic, ethic, age and social group.
1.42 If you got aroused, got an erection or ejaculated you must have enjoyed it.
1.43 It is normal for your body to react to physical stimulation. Just because you became physically aroused does not mean that you liked it, or wanted it or consented in any way. If you experienced some physical pleasure, this does not take away the fact that sexual abuse happened or the effects or feelings of abuse.
Region in Ontario
Sexual Assault Centre
24-hr Crisis Line
Algoma (Sault Ste. Marie)
Women In Crisis Algoma
Sexual Assault Centre for Quinte & District
Sexual Assault Centre of Brant
Women's House Serving Bruce and Grey: Sexual Assault Services
Chatham-Kent Sexual Assault Crisis Centre
Sexual Assault Support Services for Women, Cornwall
East Algoma (Elliot Lake)
Counselling Centre of East Algoma
Guelph-Wellington Women in Crisis
Sexual Assault & Violence Intervention Services of Halton
Sexual Assault Centre Hamilton & Area (SACHA)
Kawartha (Peterborough & Area)
Kawartha Sexual Assault Centre
Kenora Sexual Assault Centre
Sexual Assault Centre Kingston
Sexual Assault Support Centre of Waterloo Region
Sexual Assault Centre London
Athena’s Sexual Assault Counselling & Advocacy Centre
Niagara Region Sexual Assault Centre
Amelia Rising Sexual Assault Centre of Nipissing
Oshawa-Durham Rape Crisis Centre
Sexual Assault Support Centre of Ottawa
Ottawa Rape Crisis Centre
Hope 24/7: Sexual Assault Centre of Peel
Women's Sexual Assault Centre of Renfrew County
613-735 – 5551
Sexual Assault Treatment Centre Bluewater Health 89 Norman St. Sarnia, Ontario N7T 6S3 Come to Emergency Dept. Call switchboard (ext. 0) and ask to speak to the Sexual /Domestic Assault Treatment nurse on-call
At Bluewater Health, Dial 0 (zero) and ask for the Centre
519-464-4400 Mon-Fri 8am – 4pm
Voices for Women Sudbury
705-523-7100 ext. 2647
Thunder Bay Sexual Abuse & Sexual Assault Counselling & Crisis Centre
Timmins and Area Women in Crisis
Multicultural Women Against Rape/Toronto Rape Crisis Centre
Sexual Assault Crisis Centre of Essex County
Women’s Support Network of York Region
Pour le support francophone aux femmes victimes d'agression sexuelle:
CALACS (Francophone Sexual Assault Centres) in Ontario
Centre Passerelle pour femmes: CALACS du Nord de l'Ontariowww.centrepasserelle.ca C.P. 849 Timmins ON P4N 7G7 705 360-5657
Centre francophone d'aide et de lutte contre les agressions à caractère sexuel d'Ottawawww.calacs.ca 40, rue Cobourg Ottawa ON K1N 8Z6 613 789-8096 email@example.com
Centre Novas : Centre francophone d'aide et de lutte contre les agressions à caractère sexuel de Prescott-Russellwww.centrenovas.ca C.P. 410 Casselman ON K0A 1M0 613 764-5700 1 866 772-9922 poste 221 firstname.lastname@example.org
Carrefour des femmes du Sud-Ouest de l'Ontario: CALACS de la région du Sud-Ouestwww.carrefourfemmes.on.ca Casier Postal 774, London ON N6A 4Y8 519 858-0954 1 888 858-0954 email@example.com
Centre Victoria pour femmeswww.centrevictoria.ca C.P. 308 Sudbury ON P3E 4P2 705 670-2517 firstname.lastname@example.org
Centr’Elles, centre des Femmes Francophones du Nord-Ouest de l'Ontariowww.centrelles.com P.O. Box 26058 Thunder Bay ON P7B 0B2 807 684-1955 1 888 415-4156 email@example.com
Oasis Centre des femmeswww.oasisfemmes.org 465 Yonge Street PO Box 73022 Wood Street PO Toronto ON M4Y 2W5 416 591-6565 firstname.lastname@example.org
Colibri - Centre des femmes francophones du comté de Simcoewww.centrecolibri.ca 80, rue Bradford, bureau 340 Barrie ON L4N 6S7 705 797-2060 1 877 797-2050 email@example.com
Centre de santé communautaire Hamilton/Niagara - Espace entre Elleswww.centredesantecommunautaire.com 1320 rue Barton Est Hamilton ON L8H 2W1 905 528-0163 1 866 437-7606 firstname.lastname@example.org
Pour le support francophone aux femmes victimes d'agression sexuelle, se il vous plaît visitez (for French-language support for sexually assaulted women, please also visit):
Action ontarienne contre la violence faite aux femmes: http://aocvf.ca/
A number of resources contributed to the development of this document, including the sexual assault policies and procedures from several colleges and universities in Ontario, notably, Durham College, University of Guelph and Lakehead University, as well as the Metrac discussion paper on sexual assault policies on campuses and “Developing a Response to Sexual Violence: A Resource Guide for Ontario’s Colleges and Universities”, by the Ontario Women’s Directorate. The “Dispelling Myths and Misconceptions About Sexual Assault” chart is from the Women’s Directorate guide.
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