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Student cheating is not a new phenomenon. Evidence of cheating on examinations dates back to ancient times. The first concerted efforts to study cheating began in the 1920s, with the focus on research into personality characteristics that tended towards cheating. Today’s research on cheating has expanded to include determination of situational and environmental factors involved with many forms of academic misconduct. With growing concern over the frequency of academic dishonesty, many educational institutions have sought to revitalize their communities with cultures that actively promote academic integrity.
Results of a 1998 meta-analysis on factors associated with cheating for college students, published by Bernard E. Whitley in Research in Higher Education, reveal particular vulnerabilities for students, and the circumstances out of which academic misconduct occurs. These circumstances are summarized below.
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